mental top quality consisting the the capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and use understanding to it is adapted to brand-new situations.

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general intelligenceaccording come Spearman and also others underlies details mental abilities and is as such measured through every task on an knowledge test.
Savant syndromea condition in which a person otherwise restricted in mental capacity has an exceptional details skill, such as in computation or drawing.
Gardner’s many IntelligencesLinguistic, Logical-mathematical, Musical, Spatial, Bodily-kinesthetic, Intrapersonal (self), Interpersonal (other people), Naturalist
Emotional intelligencethe ability to perceived, understand, manage, and use emotions.
Creativitythe capability to produce novel and an useful ideas.
Intelligence testa technique for assessing an individual’s mental aptitudes and comparing them v those that others, making use of numerical scores.
Mental agea measure of knowledge test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically coincides to a provided level of performance. (A son who go well together the mean 8-year-old is claimed to have actually a mental period of 8).
Stanford-Binetthe widely provided American revision (by Terman at Stanford University) of Binet’s original knowledge test.
Intelligence quotientdefined originally as the proportion of mental period (ma) to chronological period (ca) multiply by 100 (thus, IQ = ma/ca x 100). On modern-day intelligence tests, the average performance for a given period is assigned a score the 100.
Aptitude testa check designed come predict a person’s future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn.
Achievement testa test designed to assess what a person has actually learned.
Wechsler Adult intelligence Scale (WAIS)the WAIS is the most widely used knowledge test; contains verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests.
Standardizationdefining systematic scores by comparison with the power of a pre-tested standardization group.
Normal curvethe symmetry bell-shaped curve that describes the circulation of many physical and psychological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewer and also fewer scores lie close to the extremes.
Reliabilitythe degree to which a check yields regular results, as assessed through the consistency the scores on 2 halves the the test, on alternate forms the the test, or top top retesting.
Validitythe degree to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to.
Content validitythe degree to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest (such as a driving test the samples steering tasks).
Criterionthe behavior (such together future university grades) the a test (such as the SAT) is designed to predict; thus, the measure supplied in defining whether the test has actually predictive validity.
Predictive validitythe success through which a test predicts the actions it is designed to predict; that is assessed by computer the correlation in between test scores and also the criterion behavior.
Mental retardationa problem of restricted mental ability, shown by an intelligence score the 70 or below and an obstacle in adapting come the requirements of life; varies from mild come profound.
Down syndromea problem of retardation and associated a physics disorders led to by an extra chromosome in one’s hereditary makeup.
Heritabilitythe ratio of variation amongst individuals the we have the right to attribute to genes. The a properties it might vary, relying on the range of populations and environments studied.

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Stereotype threata self-confirming worry that one will certainly be evaluated based on a negative stereotype.
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