You are watching: Government can best be defined as the ________.
"Off v his head!"
This is a favourite story heat to display how devilish a king (or a sultan or emperor) can be. The rule in this form of government are nice clear. Everything the leader says, goes. The course, many people have had different ideas around how the ruler should govern, and those beliefs support totally different species of government. The rules form the government"s legitimacy, or the degree to which the human being accept the government of the government.
Rule by Man
Countries who citizens room governed by the absolute decisions of the ruler have not necessarily been unhappy. A federal government whose king or queen rule justly and wisely might enjoy a good deal that legitimacy as long as the ruler"s government is accepted. Sometimes world may expropriate their leader because they room afraid the the after-effects if castle don"t. In the native of Machiavelli, "It is far better to be feared than loved." As long as the feared leader is viewed as bringing about prosperity or protecting the stays of his subjects, that is entirely possible that his human being will it is in happy.
An absolute ruler may be accepted since the people think or expropriate the idea that God gave him/her the ideal to rule. This id is recognized as divine right, which frequently has been associated with a monarchy, a form of federal government in i beg your pardon the power of the king or queen is hereditary. A comparable idea legitimized the Chinese emperor, whose preeminence was threatened if his subjects regarded that he had lost the "mandate that heaven."
Rule by male can also take the form of an oligarchy, or rule by a couple of elites whose ideal to preeminence is based upon possession of wealth, social status, army position or achievement. A little an ext broadly based dominance is by aristocracy (literally, "rule that the highest"), however if the type of government is "rule by man", your decisions room still arbitary and also absolute.
Rule by Law
Rule by legislation exists in any kind of political system in i beg your pardon those through power cannot comprise all their own rules, however must monitor an created code of law. In ancient times a byzantine emperor created Justinian"s Code, a set of laws named after that that live on lengthy after that died. We still follow components of that code today. The Romans were likewise known for codifying laws, together was Napoleon, Emperor that France, many centuries later.
Today most federal governments at least insurance claim to be rule by law. The most typical indication is the presence of a created constitution, but the most crucial question to ask is even if it is or not the constitution in reality is the "blueprint" that determines how and also what policies are made. For example, Nigeria official is a democracy with a written constitution that one dictator after another has ignored. ~ above the other hand, great Britain has never had actually a constitution as a solitary written document, however has for centuries to be governed through law. For much of your history, the English had a limited monarchy, or a king or queen who has actually followed dominion of law.
So even if it is a king can order "off with his head!" depends on the form of government that is accepted in his country. If he sets the rules (rule by man), or if the accepted outside rules enable (rule by law), the victim doesn"t have actually a chance.
Niccolo MachiavelliNiccolo Machiavelli had actually a softer side that didn"t get displayed in The Prince. This HistoryPlace site provides a various take on Machiavelli"s life and work, including an excerpt indigenous his other significant book, Discourses ~ above Titus Livius, which faces republics that are ruled by an active citizenry, like the united States.
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Justinian — The Man and also His DigestJustinian was an emperor of byzantine who managed the codification of the assorted Roman regulations in bespeak to make them less confusing. This biography from The virtual Encyclopedia the Roman emperors tells the story the Justinian"s rule.
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The magnificent Right of KingsIn the era the kings, plenty of monarchs rule according come a theory of "divine right," the idea that God provided them the power and authority to dominion over your subjects. This Washington State university site describes the history of that philosophy.
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The GuillotineBoth dominance by man and also rule by regulation need to it is in enforced, and mankind has actually come up v some pretty inventive means of law that. The guillotine is among them. Examine out the background of this device of fatality on this independent interaction website. Don"t miss out on the remarkable Flash presentation which provides this site among the ideal on the Web.
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