Conclusion: The consequences of the british Parliamentary Acts

A collection of houses of parliament Acts indigenous 1763–1774 contributed to rising early american unrest, culminating in the outbreak the the Revolutionary War.

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Learning Objectives

Summarize the result the parliament Acts had on the beginnings of the Revolutionary War


Key Takeaways

Key PointsAn enhancing tide the unrest increased in the british American colonies from 1763–1774 as the brother government implemented a collection of royal reform measures.The British hoped not only to get greater regulate over colonial trade and frontier settlement, but likewise to mitigate the administrative cost of the colonies and the huge debt left through the French and also Indian War.The British parliament passed number of revenue-raising action that boosted taxes in the colonies, including the stamp Act, the Townshend Acts, and the Tea Act.Colonists resented the boosted taxes and also felt lock were no being represented reasonably in brother government; they arranged protests in the type of boycotts, teams like the sons of Liberty, and also the renowned Boston Tea Party.Britain responded to early american protest by put on impose punitive measures, and also tensions climbed until fighting broke out in the battles of Lexington and also Concord in April of 1775, noting the beginning of the Revolutionary War.Key TermsEast India Company: an English, and also later British, joint-stock agency which traded greatly with the Indian subcontinent and also Qing, China.Boston Massacre: An event on march 5, 1770, in i m sorry British military soldiers killed five male civilians and also injured six others.Sons the Liberty: An company of American colonists that was created in the 13 American colonies to safeguard the civil liberties of the colonists and fight taxation by the brother government.

An boosting tide of unrest increased in the british American swarms from 1763–1774 together the british government applied a series of royal reform measures. The British hoped not just to obtain greater manage over colonial trade and also frontier settlement, but likewise to minimize the bureaucratic cost of the colonies and also the massive debt left by the French and Indian War. Each step the brothers took, however, created a backlash. End time, royal reforms pushed many colonists toward separation from the brother Empire.

Confronting the nationwide Debt: The results of the French and Indian War

The British empire had gained supremacy in north America v its success over the French in 1763. Almost every one of the north American territory east of the Mississippi dropped under good Britain’s control, and British leaders took this chance to shot to develop a an ext coherent and unified empire after years of lax oversight. Victory over the French had proved really costly, however, and also the British thought the frontier had actually to it is in secured v a standing army in order come prevent one more costly war through American Indian tribes. Higher enforcement of royal trade legislations was put right into place, and also Parliament sought come raise revenue come pay off the crippling debt from the war and also the cost of a standing military in America through implementing new taxes ~ above the colonies.

The initial steps the British took in 1763 and 1764to far better regulate their expanded realm in phibìc America elevated suspicions among some colonists about the will of the home government. These suspicions would certainly grow and also swell end the comes years.

Colonial Taxes and also Protests

The rubber stamp Act

In 1765, the British parliament moved past the efforts throughout the previous two years to far better regulate from the west expansion and also trade with the rubber stamp Act. Together a straight tax ~ above the colonists, the rubber stamp Act enforced an inner tax on almost every type of printed file colonists used, including newspapers, legit documents, and playing cards. While the architects that the rubber stamp Act observed the measure together a way to defray the prices of the brothers Empire, it nonetheless offered rise come the an initial major colonial protest against British imperial control as express in the famed slogan “no taxation without representation.”

The stamp Act reinforced the sense amongst some colonists that Parliament to be not dealing with them as equates to of your peers throughout the Atlantic. Outrage over the act developed a degree of unity among otherwise unconnected American colonists, providing them a possibility to act with each other both politically and socially. The situation of the stamp Act allowed colonists come loudly proclaim their identification as defenders of brother liberty. With the repeal the the stamp Act in 1766, liberty-loving subjects of the king commemorated what they regarded as a victory.


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The rubber stamp Act: Under the rubber stamp Act, anyone who supplied or to buy anything published on paper had come buy a revenue stamp for it. Photo (a) shows a partial proof sheet of one-penny stamps. Photo (b) gives a close-up of a one-penny stamp. (Credit (a): change of occupational by the uk Government; credit transaction (b): alteration of occupational by the uk Government)


The Townshend Acts and the Boston Massacre

Colonists’ pleasure over the repeal the the rubber stamp Act did no last long. The Declaratory action of 1766 had articulated an excellent Britain’s supreme authority over the colonies, and Parliament soon began exercising that authority. In 1767, conference passed the Townshend Acts, which imposed a tax on consumer goods in British north America. Favor the rubber stamp Act, the Townshend action led many homesteaders to job-related together against what they viewed to it is in an unconstitutional measure. Protests eventually led to the Boston Massacre that 1770, in i beg your pardon five colonists were killed. The endure of resisting the Townshend Acts detailed another shared experience amongst colonists from diverse regions and also backgrounds, while its later partial repeal convinced many that liberty had once again to be defended. Nonetheless, an excellent Britain’s debt dilemm still had not been solved.

The Tea Act and the Boston Tea Party

The Tea plot of 1773 prompted a reaction with much more significant consequences than either the 1765 rubber stamp Act or the 1767 Townshend Acts. Homesteaders who had joined in protest versus those earlier acts renewed their efforts in 1773. They construed that Parliament had actually again check its best to impose taxes without representation, and they fear the Tea Act to be designed come seduce them right into conceding this necessary principle by lowering the price that tea come the point that colonists might be satisfied. They additionally deeply resented the east India Company’s syndicate on the revenue of tea in the American colonies; this resentment sprang native the expertise that some members that Parliament had invested heavily in the company.

The early american rejection the the Tea act culminated in an act of resistance known as the Boston Tea Party, in which a team of homesteaders from the young of Liberty threw $1 million (in today’s dollars) precious of british tea into the Boston Harbor the was meant to be offered in the colonies. This action recast the decade-long argument in between British colonists and also the home government as an intolerable conspiracy against liberty and an too much overreach of houses of parliament power. The British responded by implementing the Coercive Acts, which were punitive in nature and also meant to make an instance of the colonies; and sending british troops to Boston come close Boston Harbor, causing tensions and resentments to escalate further.

The very first Continental Congress and also the Outbreak the War

Following the Coercive Acts, homesteaders established the an initial Continental Congress, which comprised elected representatives from 12 the the 13 American colonies and also represented a direct an obstacle to brother authority. In its Declaration and also Resolves, colonists demanded the repeal of every repressive acts passed because 1773. The delegates also recommended the the swarms raise militias, lest the brothers respond come the Congress’s suggest boycott of British goods with force. When the colonists still taken into consideration themselves brothers subjects, castle were slowly retreating native British authority, producing their very own de facto federal government via the first Continental Congress.

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The British largely ignored the requirements of the continent Congress and also tried to disarm early american insurgents in Massachusetts by confiscating your weapons and ammunition and arresting the leaders of the patriotic movement. However, this initiative faltered top top April 19, 1775, when Massachusetts militias and also British troops fired ~ above each various other as brothers troops marched come Lexington and also Concord, an event immortalized by poet Ralph Waldo Emerson as the “shot heard ring the world.” The American transformation had begun.