In her body, what process converts the chemical energy discovered in glucose right into the chemical energy uncovered in ATP?
cellular respiration..... This is the name provided to the process by which the body converts food power to power stored in ATP.
You are watching: A(n) _____ reaction occurs spontaneously
Energy is observed in two straightforward forms: potential and also kinetic. I m sorry of the following correctly matches these forms with a resource of energy?
The procedure of to move respiration, i m sorry converts simple sugars such together glucose right into CO2 and water, is an instance of _____.
Which the the following statements about the combustion of glucose with oxygen to kind water and carbon dioxide (C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O) is correct?
The entropy that the products is better than the entropy the the reactants. Note: A big molecule (glucose) has been converted into several smaller molecules (water and also carbon dioxide); thus, the assets have an ext disorder (greater entropy) than the reactants.
Select the highest possible energy kind of adenosine from the complying with images. Adenosine tree phosphate (ATP) is the high-energy form of adenosine due to the fact that it consists of the most phosphate teams (three). This molecule fuels numerous different endergonic (energy-requiring) enzymatic procedures in organic organisms. ATP molecule diffuse or space transported come the ar where the power is needed and also deliver chemical power from the break of your phosphate bonds.
In this reaction _____.
In this reaction _____.
heat has been released to the environment. Note: The potential power of the assets is much less than that of the reactants.
exergonic note: The power released by an exergonic reaction deserve to be used to journey an endergonic reaction.
It is got by a reactant in an endergonic reaction. Note: by acquiring the phosphate group the reactant acquires energy.
This graph illustrates a(n) _____ reaction.
Select the incorrect association. Enzyme ... Proteinexergonic ... Uphillexergonic ... Spontaneouspotential power ... Positional energykinetic power ... Motion
The cycling in between ATP and ADP + Pi offers an energy coupling between catabolic and anabolic pathways.
Consider a situation in i m sorry the enzyme is operating at optimum temperature and pH, and also has to be saturated through substrate. What is your ideal option for increasing the price of the reaction?
Increase the enzyme concentration If an enzyme is saturated v substrate, and it is operation at optimum pH and optimum temperature, over there is very small that deserve to be done except to boost the enzyme concentration. Some enzymes can be activated more by allosteric activators, in which situation one might include some activator to the reaction. However otherwise, enhancing the enzyme concentration is the just option.
Competitive inhibitors compete physically and structurally through the substrate because that an enzyme’s active site; they can be outcompeted by including extra substrate. Noncompetitive inhibitors do not compete for the active site, yet inhibit the enzyme by binding somewhere else and an altering the enzyme’s shape. Irreversible inhibitors bind straight to the energetic site by covalent bonds, which change the framework of the enzyme and also inactivate it permanently. Most drugs are enzyme inhibitors the one sort or another.
You have included an irreversible inhibitor come a sample that enzyme and also substrate. At this point, the reaction has actually stopped completely.What can you perform to regain the task of the enzyme?
You have an enzymatic reaction proceeding at the optimum pH and optimum temperature. You add a competitive inhibitor come the reaction and notice that the reaction slowly down.What can you carry out to speed the reaction up again?
Add much more substrate; it will outcompete the inhibitor and increase the reaction rate.Competitive inhibition deserve to be get rid of by adding much more substrate come outcompete the inhibitor. Numerous drugs offered to treat various medical conditions, including hypertension, are competitive inhibitors. That is relatively easy to make a molecule the is comparable in structure to a certain substrate due to the fact that the recognized enzyme’s shape have the right to be provided as a design of what the molecule needs to watch like. The is more an overwhelming to do a noncompetitive inhibitor because it is less apparent what the noncompetitive inhibitor’s shape and structure should be.
The Haber procedure is typically brought out at a temperature of approximately 500∘C. What would happen to the rate of the front reaction if the temperature were lowered to 100∘C?
The reaction price would decrease. Most reactions twin in price for every 10∘C rise in temperature.
What would take place to the price of the forward reaction if the concentration of nitrogen to be decreased?
The reaction price would decrease. As the concentration of nitrogen decreases, collisions in between nitrogen and also hydrogen are much less likely come occur.
increasing the concentration the ammonia. The concentration the NH3 affect how conveniently N2 and H2 can be made.
Both forward and also reverse rates increase. The Haber procedure can it is in cheaply catalyzed utilizing porous iron. A much more effective catalyst for the Haber procedure is osmium; however, it is very expensive and toxic.
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Rank this by reaction rate, together measured by the price of product development per unit time, from lowest reaction price to highest possible reaction rate. To location items as equivalent, overlap them.